Everything You Need To Know About Trucks Requiring A CDL To Operate
A Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) is a special license that allows an individual to operate large vehicles, including trucks and buses, for commercial purposes. The CDL is regulated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and is required for anyone who operates a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) weighing over 26,001 pounds, carrying hazardous materials, or transporting more than 16 passengers.
Class A CDL is the most comprehensive and allows the driver to operate any combination of vehicles with a total weight of 26,001 pounds or more. Class A vehicles typically include tractor-trailers or other large combinations of vehicles that tow a trailer or semi-trailer.
Class B CDL is required to operate any single vehicle with a weight of 26,001 pounds or more, or any combination of vehicles that does not meet the definition of Class A. Class B vehicles usually include straight trucks, large buses, and segmented buses.
Class C CDL is required to operate any single vehicle that is designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver, or any vehicle that carries hazardous materials. Class C vehicles usually include small buses and vans.
Types of Trucking Jobs
Trucking jobs can vary widely, depending on the type of truck and cargo being transported. Some common types of trucks and trucking jobs include:
- Dry van
A dry van is a truck that is fully enclosed and designed to transport non-perishable goods such as clothing, electronics, and dry food items.
A flatbed truck has an open bed and is used to transport large, heavy items such as construction equipment, steel, and lumber.
A tanker truck is designed to transport liquids, such as fuel, chemicals, and food-grade products.
A refrigerated truck, also known as a reefer truck, is designed to transport perishable goods that require a temperature-controlled environment, such as frozen foods, pharmaceuticals, and fresh produce.
- Dump truck
A dump truck is designed to haul and unload loose materials, such as gravel, sand, and dirt.
- Car carrier
A car carrier truck, also known as an auto transporter, is used to transport cars, trucks, and other vehicles over long distances.