12 Types of Truck Drivers
Truck driving is a vast industry with various roles and responsibilities for drivers depending on the type of cargo, the terrain they cover, and the distances they travel. Here’s a detailed look at the diverse types of truck drivers.
Flatbed truck drivers handle flatbed trailers which have an open design without walls or a roof. They’re used for transporting large, heavy, and irregularly shaped items like construction equipment. These drivers need skills in securing loads with tarps and ropes to prevent any movement during transit.
These drivers cover significant distances, often across multiple states or even countries. Long-haul truckers spend extensive periods away from home, requiring resilience, stamina, and self-reliance.
Serving in the armed forces, military truck drivers transport troops, equipment, and supplies often in challenging terrains and situations, sometimes even in combat zones. Special training and security clearances are mandatory.
Tanker drivers transport liquid cargo such as fuel, water, or chemicals. This job requires knowledge of the liquid’s properties because shifts in liquid weight can affect vehicle stability.
5. Heavy Load
These drivers transport heavy machinery and equipment. The challenges include ensuring safety, having special licenses, and sometimes using specialized routes to accommodate the weight.
Oversize drivers transport loads that are wider, taller, or longer than standard loads. These may include large machinery or components of houses. Special permits and, at times, escort vehicles are required.
7. Dry Van
Dry van drivers transport goods in large boxed trailers, typically for retail or manufacturing industries. It’s one of the more common forms of trucking.
8. Hazardous Material
These drivers transport potentially dangerous goods like chemicals or explosives. Special training, certifications, and permits are required due to the risks involved.
Overland trucking involves transporting goods over land, often across vast distances and varying terrains. Drivers must be adaptable and ready for various driving conditions.
Local truck drivers work within a specific city or region, allowing them to return home daily. Their routes are often predictable.
Regional drivers operate within a specific region, which could cover several states. They might be away for short periods, but they generally return home more frequently than long-haul drivers.
These drivers transport perishable goods in temperature-controlled trailers. Timeliness is crucial to prevent spoilage, and drivers must monitor temperature settings.